анг версия

Kargal‘tsev, A. V. Ezhegodnye chtenija, priurochennye k godovshhine Reformacii, 2020 g. [Annual readings in conjunction with the anniversary of the Reformation, 2020], in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2020. Vol. 6 (1). P. 234–236.

Aleksey Vital’evich Kargaltsev, Doctor of History, senior lecturer, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia (191186, Russia, Saint-Petersburg, naberezhnaya reki Moiki, 48/20a)


Language: Russian

URL: http://proslogion.ru/en/61-kargaltsev/

DOI: 10.24411/2500-0926-2021-00010

Creative Commons License

The first virtual medievalist readings – exchange of views in the era of a pandemic

Krylov, K. E. Pervye virtual’nye medievisticheskie chteniya — obmen mneniyami v epokhu pandemii [The first virtual medievalist readings — exchange of views in the era of a pandemic}, in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2021. Vol. 6 (1). P. 220–233.

Konstantin Evgen‘evich Krylov, deputy chief officer, ITMO University ((197101, Rossiya, Sankt-Petersburg, Kronverkskij pr., 49)


Language: Russian

URL: http://proslogion.ru/en/61-krylov/

DOI: 10.24411/2500-0926-2021-00009

Creative Commons License

«The Witch» and «The Beggars»: an introduction and translation

Zelenetskiy, A. L., Lurie, Z. A. Two farces from the Hultem manuscript: «The Witch» and «The Beggars»: an introduction and translation, in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2020. Vol. 6 (1). P. 200–219.

Zinaida Andreevna Lurie, doctor of History, assistant lecturer, Faculty of Foreign Languages, St. Petersburg State University (199034, Rossiya, Sankt-Petersburg, Universitetskaia nab., 7/9)


Aleksandr L’vovich Zelenetskiy, doctor of Philology, professor, independent researcher (address) batavista@yandex.ru

Language: Russian

This publication provides a literal translation of two Dutch farces of the late Middle Ages, «The Beggars» and «The Witch», based on the Hultem manuscript. Despite their brevity (less than 200 lines), they reflect a fairly wide social and mental layer – they are classified as an emerging genre of morality and, as it seems, will be of interest to the readers of this collection

Key words: witch, beggars, morality, farces, Netherlands, theater, beggars, magic, superstition, laughter

URL: http://proslogion.ru/61-lurie/

DOI: 10.24411/2500-0926-2021-00008

Creative Commons License

Call from the East or «This is what God wants!» Review on the book by P. Frankopan «The First Crusade: A Call from the East»

Μorozov, M. A. Prizyv s Vostoka ili «Tak khochet Bog!». Retsenziya na knigu P. Frankopana «Pervyy krestovyy pokhod: Zov s Vostoka» [Call from the East or «This is what God wants!» Review of the book by P. Frankopan «The First Crusade: A Call from the East»], in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2020. Vol. 6 (1). P. 178–199.

Maxim Аnatoljevich Мorozov, Doctor of History, Senior Librarian of the Gogol’s Scientific Library, Saint Petersburg State University (199034, Rossiya, SanktPeterburg, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9)


Language: Russian

The article is a review of the book by P. Frankopan «The First Crusade: A Call from the East». The researcher examines the question of the role of the Byzantine emperor Alexei I Comnenus in the organization of the crusade and in its further leadership. Various points of view of P. Frankopan himself and other modern historians on the problem of the formation of the ideology of the crusading movement are analyzed. The author criticizes the fundamental thesis of the author of the book that Alexei I was the main inspirer of the campaign, determining his goals and intentions. Alexei, of course, took part in organizing the campaign itself, but during the period of the appeal of the Latin West, he simply used the tried and tested Byzantine experience of responding to the crisis. It consisted in the use of foreign allied forces, which were hired for a fee, for solving the problems of defending the territory of the empire. The subsequent rift between the emperor and the participants of the First Crusade and further relations between Byzantium and the Crusaders were the result of the application of traditional policies and tactics by Byzantium in those circumstances when they were inappropriate.

Key words: P. Frankopan, Byzantium, First Crusade, Alexios I Komnenes, crusaders, ideology

URL: http://proslogion.ru/en/61-morozov/

DOI: 10.24411/2500-0926-2021-00007

Creative Commons License

Neue Geschichtserzählungen von und über Frauen im Zeitalter der Reformation und in der Epoche der deutschen Romantik

Ehricht, Ch. Ein neuer Blick auf die Geschichte: Neue Geschichtserzählungen von und über Frauen im Zeitalter der Reformation und in der Epoche der deutschen Romantik, in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2021. Vol. 6 (1). P. 168–177.

Christoph Ericht, Arbeitsgemeinschaft für pommersche Kirchengeschichte e.V. (17489, Germany, Greifswald, c/o Landeskirchliches Archiv, Rudolf-Petershagen-Allee 3)


Language: German

The article tries to illustrate how changed the view on history and the understanding of history using the example of Reformation in the 16th century and Romanticism in the 19th century in Middle and Western Europe. The new perspectives are, on the one hand, a result of research projects about the gender role in history and historiography, on the other hand a result of female emancipation in the early Modern Times and later. We learn to understand the Reformation also as a spiritual process with great influence on the daily life and as an important step for the history of womans emancipation. The new view on history during the epoch of Romanticism is not least a result of Schleiermachers theology and is strongly connected with the so called «Historism». The new culture of «Salons» had a great influence on the urban society, also served an example for both female and Jewish emancipation.

Key words: Reformation, Romanticism, Martin Luther, New view on history, gender research, Emancipation of woman and Jews, Historism, Literary Salonculture

URL: http://proslogion.ru/en/61-ehricht/

DOI: 10.24411/2500-0926-2021-00006

Creative Commons License

«Savage Scotland», «Lowland Courtesy» and the English Language as Factors in the Formation of «British» Identity from High Middle Ages to the Union of the Crowns in 1603

Piontkovsky, A. V. «Obraz «Dikoy Shotlandii» v pozdnesrednevekovoy kartine mira i ego vliyanie na unionistskuyu polemiku nachala XVII veka [«Savage Scotland», «Lowland Courtesy» and the English Language as Factors in the Formation of  «British» Identity from High Middle Ages to the Union of the Crowns in 1603], in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2020. Vol. 6 (1). P.  127–167.

Andrei Valerievich Piontkovsky, graduate student, Institute of History, SaintPetersburg State University (199034, Rossiya, Sankt-Peterburg, Мendeleevskaya liniya, 5)

Language: Russian

This article is dedicated to the consideration of the development of imaginations about Scotland in the continental European and insular British literature of the late Middle Ages. It is revealed how important these ideas remained for the intellectuals of the Early Modern Period, and what role it played within the controversy concerning The Union of The Crowns. The key factors are language, political culture and common religious beliefs it is what distinguished the «civilized» English and Lowland Scots from the inhabitants of the Highlands, as well as Ireland.

Key words: Union of the Crowns, Highland, identity, barbarism, Britain

URL: http://proslogion.ru/en/61-piontkovsky/

DOI: 10.24411/2500-0926-2021-00005

Creative Commons License

The rhetoric of power in the funeral sermons of the Palatinate sovereigns of the second half of the 16th century: elector Ludwig VI

Berezhnaya, N. A. Ritorika vlasti v nadgrobnykh propovedyakh pfaltsskikh gosudarey vtoroy poloviny XVI v.: Kurfyurst Lyudvig VI [The rhetoric of power in the funeral sermons of the Palatinate sovereigns of the second half of the 16th century: elector Ludwig VI], in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2020. Vol. 6 (1). P. 97–126.

Natal`ya Aleksandrovna Berezhnaya, doctor of History, senior lecturer, Institute of History, St. Petersburg State University (199034, Rossiya, Sankt-Petersburg, Mendeleevskaya liniya, 5)


Language: Russian

The article examines the funeral sermons on the death of the Palatinate Elector Ludwig VI (1576–1583). Since the middle of the 16th century, a biographical note appears in funeral sermons, in which the deceased almost always appears as a true Christian and, if the text is dedicated to a prince, as a righteous ruler. Funeral sermons are often published; they are beginning to be used as reference books in theology, grammar, history, and also as an instrument of confessional propaganda and rhetoric of power. In the context of the confessional struggle in Germany in the 16th — early 17th centuries between Lutheranism, Calvinism and Catholicism, theologians tried in every possible way to accentuate the religious views of the deceased princes: this was especially important for German Protestants, since in the Protestant tradition the prince was perceived as the father of his subjects (Landesvater), who was responsible for them souls. In the Electoral Palatinate in the second half of the 16th century, the confessional «vector of development» repeatedly changed. During the reign of Otto Heinrich, the Lutheran doctrine was approved, Frederick III introduced Calvinism in 1563, Ludwig VI returned the Evangelical doctrine in 1576, but his early death and the infancy of his successor allowed the regent Johann Casimir, the youngest son of Frederick III, to finally confirm the Reformed doctrine in the Palatinate. The author analyses the confessional propaganda and rhetoric of power in the funeral sermons composed by Johann and Paul Schechs, and Jacob Heilbrunner. Their study allows us to assert that the main task of Lutheran theologians was representation of the deceased patron and protect «the main work of his life» — the unity of the Evangelical princes of the Holy Roman Empire, the Formula of Concord. Key words: funeral sermon (Leichenpredigt), rhetoric of power, religious denomination (Konfession), Ludwig VI, Johannes Schechsius (Johann Schechs), Paulus Schechsius (Paul Schechs), Jacob Heilbrunner

URL: http://proslogion.ru/en/61-berezhnaya/

DOI: 10.24411/2500-0926-2021-00004

Creative Commons License