Leonova, T. A.
«As the Parish so the Priest»: Prikhod pozdnesrednevekovoy Anglii [«As the Parish so the Priest»: Parishes of the Late Medieval England], in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture. 2017. Vol. 3 (2). P. 125–149.
Tatiana Alekseevna Leonova, PhD in History, assistant professor, M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University (450000, Rossiya, Ufa, ulitsa Oktyabr’skoy Revolyutsii, 3A)
Modern researches of the parish system note as a general trend strengthening the control of the laity on the Catholic parishes in the pre-Reformation Western Europe. The article examines problems of interaction and mutual influence of the clergy and laity of the parish communities of late medieval England basing on materials of the Episcopal registers and visitations. The paper highlights two aspects in solving the problem. Firstly, it is the influence of the opinions and actions of the laity on the status of parish clergy. Secondly, the degree of financial responsibility of the laity and clergy in the frame of so-called separated property is studied. The examined documents of the Episcopal registers and visitations indicate not only the presence of desire of the laity to get rid of his priest, but also various methods which could have benefited active leaders of the parishes. The statement in the Church from the 13th century financial responsibility of the laity led to changes in the parish community whose members had access to the resources of the Church by limiting the authority of her pastors.
Key Words: Late medieval church, episcopal registers, visitations, parish, laity, local community, parishioners, communal traditions, church-warden