Keller, O. B. Einige Episoden aus der Geschichte der Reformation in Württemberg und auf weißrussischen Territorien des Großfürstentums Litauen und später Polen-Litauen (Rzeczpospolita), in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2018. Vol. 4 (2). P. 85–122.
Olga Borisovna Keller, doctor of History, associate professor at the Department of Medieval History, Faculty of Philosophy, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen; associate professor at the Department of Modern and Contemporary Times, Faculty of History, Belarusian State University (72074, Deutschland, Tübingen, Geschwister-Scholl-Platz)
The Reformation was reflected in both the German Württemberg and the Belarusian lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later Poland-Lithuania (Rzeczpospolita). Here the flourishing of this wide social movement falls on the 16th century. First of all, the author of this article made an attempt to illuminate the Reformation and its origins on the Belarusian lands on, as well as to establish a possible relationship between the European figures of the Reformation of Württemberg and such located to the East of the region, as the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later later Poland-Lithuania (Rzeczpospolita). Besides, one should also mention the fact that the 16th century had played an important role in the Reformation as well as in developing book printing. The representatives of both Eastern and Central Europe were actively involved in the process. The very first book printer among the Eastern Slavs was Francis Skarina of Polotsk who published his first book 500 years ago in Prague. A few decades later, Primus Truber, a famous Slovenian Reformation activist, used Skarina’s fonts from the Prague printing house. A great number of Protestant editions was printed in the Slavic printing house in Bad Urakh, where Primus Truber was printing his books under the aegis of Baron Hans von Ungnad from 1559 to 1565. It should be noted that Nikolay the Black Radziwill, who was the Chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, lords of the castle of Mir Il’iniči and other Lithuanian nobles patronized the activities of that printing house among with German and Polish princes.
Key Words: European Reformation, the origins of the Reformation, Hussites, Hieronymus of Prague, Francis Skarina, Abraham Kulva, Nikolay the Black Radziwill, Nikolay the Orphan Radziwill, Primus Truber, Baron Hans von Ungnad’s Slavic printing house.