Piontkovsky, A. V. Heresy and religious consciousness through the prism of one human being. New biography of Peter Zwicker: Välimäki R. Heresy in Late Medieval Germany: The Inquisitor Petrus Zwicker and the Waldensians (Woodbridge, 2019), in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2019. Vol. 5 (2). P. 139–156.
Andrei Valerievich Piontkovsky, graduate student, Institute of History, Saint-Petersburg State University (199034, Rossiya, Sankt-Peterburg, Мendeleevskaya liniya, 5)
This review is devoted to consideration of the key derivations, which was reached by Finnish medievalist Reima Välimäki in his recent monograph. Through scrutinized analysis of the text, the author persuasively proves that the treatises Cum dormirent homines and Refutatio errorum belong to pen of Peter Zwicker. Furthermore, the contemporaries recognized of these as the one unit. The researcher also regards the impact, which the Zwicker’s treatises had to the inquisition inquest process, noticing the transition from the investigation of the organization of heretics’ communities to the enquiry of the doctrinal fallacies of the ones. This process was directly related with the prominence of the treatises of Peter Zwicker. The value of Zwicker’s works is considerable, since they mirrored the overall context of the religion outlook of Europe in the period of the Great Western Schism, which characterized by the much more eagerness of the educated laymen to insight of the catholic doctrines.
Key Words: Heresy, Waldenses, Great Western Schism, itinerant inquisitors, Peter Zwicker