Lebedeva, G. E., Mehamadiev, E. A. Georgiy L’vovich Kurbatov (1929–2003 gg.): metodologiya i teoreticheskie osobennosti ego nauchno-issledovatel’skoy deyatel’nosti [Georgiy L’vovich Kurbatov (1929–2003): Methods and Theory of His Studies], in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2019. Vol. 5 (2). P. 9–29.
Lebedeva Galina Evgen’evna, doctor of History, professor, Institute of History, Saint-Petersburg State University (199034, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya emb., 7/9, St. Petersburg, Russia)
Mekhamadiev Evgeniy Aleksandrovich, doctor of History, Institute of History, Saint-Petersburg State University (199034, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya emb., 7/9, St. Petersburg, Russia)
The present paper deals with the research method, i.e. the style of studies of Georgiy L’vovich Kurbatov (1929–2003 гг.), who was the famous Soviet and Russian Byzantine scholar, one of the best scholars of the early Byzantine city during the IVth–VIIth Centuries. The authors comprehend research method as a way of narrative in historical text, in fact — as a form of construction of the text, its structural composition, so, respectively, they try to explain the main essential features of Georgiy L’vovich’s way of thinking, main peculiarities of his scholarly work. The aim of this paper is to show how Georgiy L’vovich composed his texts, how he shaped the structure of his texts and how he established his own history writing-style. The authors presented as an example the Georgiy L’vovich’s massive study The Main Problems of Byzantine City’s Internal Development during the IVth–VIIth Centuries released in 1971 by Leningrad State University Press. For to analyze Georgiy L’vovich’s way of thinking the authors turned to traditions of Anglo-American analytical philosophy of history, its main and most famous representative is an American scholar Hayden White. Having compared Anglo-American traditions with French and German theory of history, the authors concluded that Georgiy L’vovich made a colligatory-procedural narrative, that is he considered the Byzantine city strictly as a range (set) of processes (mainly, social-economic processes), each process was established and arranged chronologically, as step-by-step development (deployment) of events during the time space, from the early stage to the late stage. The ground for this construction (colligation) was evidence of sources, which mention the single citizens, so, as presented in Georgiy L’vovich’s narrative, the actions of the citizens became the live examples of processes. Moreover, he artificially combined with each other a set of different processes, showed their interdependence and mutual penetration, close interrelationships. As a result, as the authors assume, Georgiy L’vovich made a coherent image of the time not from events, but from the processes.
Key Words: Georgiy L’vovich Kurbatov, early Byzantine city, methods, writing of history, colligatory narrative, Hayden White, analytical philosophy of history, process, structure
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