From Grandson to Morat: The Burgundian court during the war

Nosova, E. I. Ot Gransona do Murtena: Burgundskiy dvor v usloviyakh voyny [From Grandson to Morat: The Burgundian court during the war], in: Proslogion: Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Social History and Culture, 2017. Vol. 3 (1). P. 184208.

Ekaterina Igorevna Nosova, doctor of History, research Fellow, Saint-Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences (197110, Rossiya, SanktPetersburg, Petrozavodsakaya ulitsa, 7)

Language: Russian

The Burgundian Court earned fame of one of the most luxurious and wellorganized courts of medieval Europe. But recent publications highlighted a number of dysfunctions of the Burgundian Court. This article continues this trend and analyzes the organization of the Burgundian Court during the Swiss campaign of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1476). The study is based on the month accounts from Archives départementales du Nord (B 3333, B 3377). Since reforms of 1474 the Burgundian Court turned into one of the units of the army, the campaign had not limited the numbers of the courtiers. A serious decrease was caused by the battle of Morat, in which 84 people were killed or seriously wounded. They receive salaries only until 21 June. Among them were not only archers, but also the officials who had no relation to military service. Supply of the court was interrupted for four days by the battle. As a whole, the war led to the limitation of consumption of goods normally reserved for nobility — sea fish and fruits. The assortment of wines became poor: sweet wine and hippocras disappeared from accounts. The stay near Lausanne can be considered as an exception, because it allowed to deliver wine and fruits from Dijon. These small details fill the gaps that left Philippe de Commine in his «Memoirs» and Olivier de La Marche in his famous «Estat de la Maison du duc Charles».

Key Words: Burgundian State (1363–1477), Charles the Bold (1467–1477), Burgundian Wars, Court Society, History of Everyday Life, battle of Grandson, battle of Morat


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